What Are The 4 Categories of Disabilities

disability support worker

Most people tend to have a very specific kind of image in their head when they think of disabled people. There is a pretty good chance that you would picture someone that is in a wheelchair, and while a significant proportion of disabled people do indeed use wheelchairs, the truth of the situation is that not all disabilities are so visible. It might surprise you to hear this, but there are actually four different categories of disabilities none of which are more severe or serious than the other.

The first category of disability that Care Professionals in Melbourne cater to apart from physical is intellectual. This entails that a person does not have full control over their mental faculties, and they can manifest in the form of decreased intelligence and thinking capacity. Sensory disorders are another important category that you should know about, and they include things like blindness, deafness or the somewhat rarer ailment of anosmia in which the afflicted person cannot smell anything at all. Finally, we have the oft ignored category of mental illnesses, and the fact of the matter is that they can be a lot more severe than people tend to give them credit for.

All of these categories can hamper a person’s ability to live a successful and happy life. Hence, they should be treated equally. Someone that is blind might have different challenges than an individual with a learning disorder, and people on the autism spectrum need to be treated in their own unique way. However, the common thread that unites them is that they all need some assistance from society to make up for the bad hand they have been dealt.